Glossary

A - B - C

ActiveX
A model for software components by Microsoft which permits the embedding of any object, e.g. video or audio files, into Visual Basic programs or websites.
ALK (Automatisierte Liegenschaftskarte, "Automated Property Map")
The ALK gives information about all properties (parcels and buildings) of an area, including their boundaries, texts and supplementing topography.
ATKIS (Amtlich topographisches kartographisches Informationssystem, "Official Topographic Cartographic Information System")
A method for the representation, storing and provision of digital topographic data of the surface of the Earth.
BOS (Behörden und Organisationen mit Sicherheitsaufgaben, "Authorities and Organisations Concerned with Security Issues")
Denotes public organisations, non-commercial associations and to some extent also private enterprises in Germany which serve homeland security interests or which offer emergency and rescue services.
CAN-Bus (Controller Area Network - Binary Unit System)
A data transmission system for the networking of control units in automobiles which was developed by Bosch.

D - E - F

EDBS (Einheitliche Datenbankschnittstelle, "Uniform Database Interface")
EDBS has been established as the standard format of Land Survey Offices throughout Germany. The EDBS format includes geometrical and factual data provided by ALK and ATKIS. The connection of the ALK with the ALB (Automatisiertes Liegenschaftsbuch, "Automated Property Registry") is accomplished via an object key.
ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning)
An efficient use of capital, resources and/or personnel in a company in order to optimise the controlling of business processes.

G - H - I

Geodesy
The scientific discipline that deals with the measurement and representation of the surface of the earth.
GIS (Geographic Information System)
A geoinformation sytem (GIS) is an information system which "digitally captions and edits, saves and reorganises, models and analyses space-oriented data and presents them in an alphanumeric and graphic way" (Bill, 1994).
Google Maps API (Application Programming Interface) Premier
A programming interface provided by Google™. It permits the development of individual map services.
Grid Computing
The generation of a virtual supercomputer by combining individual computers in order to increase computing capacities.
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service)
A service for data transmission in GSM networks.
GPS (Global Positioning System)
A satellite system which permits positioning, navigation and timekeeping both for military and civilian purposes.
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)
Cellular radio networks standard for telephony, data transmission and short messages.
Infotainment
A neologism created from the terms "information" and "entertainment". In the automotive sector, infotainment denotes systems providing services such as navigation, radio or mobile communications.

J - K - L

Level 1-3
The different levels of automation in the metal industry are divided into levels 0 to 3, starting with process and control engineering and technology including switchgears (Level 0) to production engineering (Level 3).

M - N - O

NC (Network Computer)
Computers with minimum hardware equipment. The required operating system, the configuration, applications and user data are provided via a server.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer)
Manufacturers but not distributors of original equipments (in this case, for the automotive industry).
OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium)
A non-profit organisation which supports the development of space-oriented information processing (especially of geospatial data) on the basis of defined standards in order to allow the exchange and provision of information across different systems.

P - Q - R


S - T - U

SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture)
A method for the coordination of data processing components in order to provide top-level services.
SPICE (Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination)
An international standard which serves for improving your own business processes as well as for evaluating the processes of your suppliers. The main focus is laid on software development.
SQL (Structured Query Language)
A database language which permits the insertion, editing, deleting and query of data in relational databases.
Tape Library
A device controlled by a backup software. It contains magnetic tapes which can store immense amounts of data.
TMC (Traffic Message Channel)
A service which sends information about traffic congestions in digital form. These reports can be used in navigation systems e.g. for a recalculation of routes in case of traffic jam alerts.

V - W - X - Y - Z

VDB Format (visor Vector Format)
A visor-specific, open ASCII vector format which enables an easy conversion into other vector formats.
WMS (Web Map Service)
An interface which permits the integration of maps into GIS services via the Internet.

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